Breast cancer is the most common cancer in females all around the world. It is of utmost importance that all positive cases are diagnosed at the earliest to decrease its morbidity and mortality. Different techniques including mammography/sonomammography, fine needle aspiration cytology and biopsy are used to diagnose breast cancers. With an early diagnosis, the management can be early and hence effective.
Aim: Analysis of correlation of radiological and cytological findings as initial diagnostic tools with the final histological diagnosis to avoid unnecessary procedures or to alert the need for urgency of early treatment plans of malignancies in breast lesions.
Objectives: 1. To compare the individual efficacy of radiology, cytology and histopathology as a diagnostic modality 2. Role of radiology and cytology as initial diagnostic tools in breast lesions and its correlation with histopathological diagnosis.
Material and Methods: The study was conducted in 70 female patients with breast lump. In each patient the clinical presentation, cytology findings, radiology findings and biopsy findings were compared with the final diagnosis of histopathology of lumpectomy or mastectomy specimen.
Conclusion: Cytological diagnosis is the best way of screening the malignancy compared with radiological and clinical diagnosis. Since, the cytological diagnosis has the high sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value.