Introduction: Leukemia is a heterogeneous group of haematological malignancies that comprises several diverse and biologically distinct subgroups. The exact cause of leukemia is not yet clear. However, several factors, mainly hereditary inheritance, genetic mutations, epigenetic lesion, ionic radiation, chemical and other occupational exposures, therapeutic drugs, smoking, and some viral agents, have been implicated in developing leukemia. It is one of the fatal diseases and their morbidity and mortality rates increase day by day all over the world.
Material and Method: 52 patients of leukemia were evaluated during May 2020 to June 2022 retrospectively & prospectively having chief complains of fatigue, weakness, infections, bleeding tendencies & bone pain out of total 81552 presenting to the OPD.
Result: It was found that leukemia was equally prevalent in male and female patients, ratio being 1: 1 & most of the patients were over the age of 51 years. It was also observed that chronic leukemia was more prevalent than acute leukemia. Amongst types of leukemia, Acute myelogenous Leukemia (AML) was more prevalent (29 %) than Acute lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) (10 %), similarly Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was more prevalent (34%) than chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) (27%).
Conclusion: Chronic leukemia was more prevalent than acute leukemia in this part of the country and its risk factors & pathogenesis needs to be addressed so that modifiable risk factors can be reduced to a minimum.