Gastrointestinal tract is an important site for a wide variety of lesions especially neoplastic which is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and include both benign and malignant lesions. Histopathological typing and knowledge about their prognosis help the clinicians in effective management of the individual patient.
Aims and Objectives: To assess the histopathological spectrum of various gastrointestinal lesions and their distribution according to age, sex and site presenting in a tertiary care centre.
Materials and Methods: The present retrospective study of 400 patients having gastrointestinal lesions was undertaken in the department of Pathology, Civil hospital, Ahmedabad over a period of six months from July 2019 to December 2019. The tissue samples obtained were grossed, processed and reported. Patient case sheets were studied and analysed for data.
Results: Amongst 400 cases of gastrointestinal tract lesions, majority were non neoplastic comprising 67% and neoplastic lesions constitute 33%, out of which malignant lesions constituted 30.25% while benign lesions constituted 2.75%. In present study most cases of gastrointestinal tract lesions were found in age group 41-50 years with male preponderance (male to female ratio 1.5:1). Colorectum was the most commonly involved site accounting for 29.75% followed by stomach 21.75% and small intestine 19.5%.
Conclusion: Histopathological evaluation is the gold standard for the early detection of gastrointestinal tract lesions especially malignant one hence it helps in their early diagnosis and management thus providing better quality of life to the patient.