Materials and methTesticular cancers comprise 1% of all the male cancers worldwide. Various risk factors for development of testicular cancers include: a family history of testicular tumor in first degree relatives, infertility, cryptorchidism, Klinefelter’s syndrome, 95% of testicular cancers arise from germ cells.
Aims and objective: To study the relative incidence of testicular lesions among different age groups and to study the various histo-morpholoical patterns of testicular lesions.
Materials and methods: All the patients those who are presented with testicular swelling and post orchiectomy specimens are included in this study.
Results: Total testicular specimens received were 476, accounting for 1.49% of all surgical specimens. Of which 84 cases were diagnosed as tumors and tumor like lesions of testis accounting for 17.65%.
Conclusion: It is concluded that, despite new techniques in imaging and tumor marker assay the diagnosis of testicular lesions primarily dependent upon histo-pathological examination. Any testicular swelling must be evaluated thoroughly with clinic-pathological correlation to rule out malignancy.