In the present scenario, ovarian cancer is a leading cause of cancer incidence and mortality worldwide, proper categorization into exact morphological type will help the gynecologist for better diagnosis and management.
Aim & Objective: The present study has mainly investigated the incidence, morphological, gross, histopathological pattern, and incidence of the age distribution of ovarian tumors attending a tertiary care hospital.
Methodology: It is a prospective study carried out at Katuri Medical College and Hospital, Chinakondrupadu, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India over a period of 2 yrs. i.e., from October 2017 to September 2019 in the department of Pathology. Sections were processed and stained with H&E, histomorphological patterns were noted. Wherever necessary, special stains such as PAS and Recticulin were used.
Results: In the present study, age range from 15 to 65 years with a majority of cases included, among 36-45 years, 26 (52 %) cases. In the total study population, Out of 50 ovarian tumors included, 76% (38/50) were benign, 10% (5/50) were borderline and 14% (7/50) were malignant. Surface epithelial tumors were most common about 76% (38/50 cases) followed by germ cell tumors 16% (8/50 cases) and Sex cord-stromal tumors 8% (4/50 cases). On gross examination, among 50 cases, cystic 64% (32/50 cases), solid 16% (8/50 cases), and both cystic and solid areas 20 %.
Conclusion: We conclude, ovarian cancer is the most predominant problem in the majority of women. The present study will provide valuable baseline information regarding the pattern of ovarian tumors in our region and also useful in proper management.