International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology

International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology

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International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology

2019, Vol. 2 Issue 1, Part BPages: 96-100

Effects of haemodialysis on Hemoglobin and red cell indices in chronic kidney disease patients at a tertiary health care institute

Dr. Pradhiksha Dasaprakash, Dr. Shivashekar Ganapathy and Dr. Veena Raja
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ABSTRACT
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem, with very high cost of care and greater burden particularly in developing countries like India.
Material and Method: This prospective observational study of effects on hemoglobin and red cell indices in CKD before and after hemodialysis conducted on 150 CKD patients in SRM Medical College Hospital & Research Centre.
Results: The most frequent morphologic features were normochromic-normocytic (78.7%), microcytic hypochromic (14.7%), macrocytic (3.3%) and dimorphic (3.3.%). Haemoglobin (Hb) levels and platelets counts are significantly reduced in post dialysis with a mean level of Hb 8.7 when compared to pre dialysis mean value of 7.78g/dL. There was a significant increase in MCV, with decrease in MCH and MCHC in the post dialysis values compared to pre dialysis.
Conclusion: These hematological abnormalities expose CKD patients to higher risk of anemia-related complications. The present investigation might help clinicians to initiate precautions before and after dialysis procedures.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Pradhiksha Dasaprakash, Dr. Shivashekar Ganapathy and Dr. Veena Raja. Effects of haemodialysis on Hemoglobin and red cell indices in chronic kidney disease patients at a tertiary health care institute. International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology. 2019; 2(1): 96-100. DOI: 10.33545/pathol.2019.v2.i1b.18
International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology