It is very important to know about Histological pattern, incidence in relation to age, sex and location of mediastinal lesions for better outcome of patients. This will help the clinicians in both treating the patient and determining the outcome of the disease process.
Material and method: The material for the study was collected from the in patients being admitted in N.H.L. Medical College, V.S. Hospital Ahmedabad affiliated with Gujarat University. Data was collected in pretested proforma.
Results: Total 35 cases of mediastinal lesions were studied. The data according to age incidence, sex incidence, location, nature of the lesion and clinical symptoms was prepared and analyzed. Most common lesion was thymic follicular hyperplasia (26%) followed by Mailgant thymoma (23%). Maximum number of cases were found in 1st & 5th decade (23% in each decade) which were followed by fourth decade. Anterior mediastinum was the commonest to be involved in present study (comprising of 66% of lesions).
Conclusion: Most common lesions are thymic lesion (including benign/malignant thymoma, thymic hyperplasia, Cystic lesion, and neurogenic lesion and Germ cell tumor. Benign lesions were more common (74%) than malignant lesion and have better prognosis.