International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology

International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology

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International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology

2020, Vol. 3 Issue 1, Part DPages: 211-214

Analysis and comparison of RBC size in peripheral smear and mean corpuscular volume in automated method of peripheral smear

Nirubama K and Dr. MP Brundha
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ABSTRACT
Introduction: MCV test is done to measure the average size of the red blood cells and its abnormalities. It is a part of a regular check-up to find any abnormalities present. MCV is calculated by using haematocrit values and RBC count. Though the MCV is an indicator for the RBC size, the calculation only used the PCV and RBC count. This study is done to find out the relation between the MCV and RBC size.
Materials and Methods: Blood samples have been collected from a sample size of 50 patients randomly from a dental institutional laboratory. Anticoagulants are used to prevent the blood from clotting. The RBC size is calculated by using a standard formula from the peripheral smear of the obtained sample. MCV is obtained from the laboratory by using automated hemology analyser. Results are analysed statistically.
Results and Conclusion: As the study states the method of RBC size calculation by using the peripheral smear alone and compared to the MCV values, a pathologist can very well analyze the macrocytic RBCs or Microcytic RBCs without an automated analyzer and there is no need of searching and comparing the size of small lymphocytes. A need for scale (in-built Vernier caliper) in the microscope which is useful for the RBC size analysis and it is also a time-saving method. This study concludes that a linear relationship between the RBC size and MCV statistically.
How to cite this article:
Nirubama K and Dr. MP Brundha. Analysis and comparison of RBC size in peripheral smear and mean corpuscular volume in automated method of peripheral smear. International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Pathology. 2020; 3(1): 211-214. DOI: 10.33545/pathol.2020.v3.i1d.175